Bach Ma National Park is situated in the central Annamite Mountains. The national park lies on a high mountain ridge that runs west-east from the Laotian border to the East Sea at the Hai Van pass, 2 hour-diver from Hue city.
There are many springs on the lower slopes and foothills of the national park. Generally, north of the national park is drained by the Truoi River, which flows into the coastal lagoons south of Hue city. The south of the national park is drained by tributaries of the Ta Trach River, which flows westwards.
Biodiversity of Bach Ma
The Bach Ma area has long been noted for its rich biodiversity. One reason is that, within a relatively small area, the area supports a wide range of habitat types, from coastal lagoons to montane forest.
The mammal fauna of Bach Ma is incompletely known, and only 48 species have so far been confirmed to occur at the national park (WWF/EC 1997a). However, a large number of mammal species of conservation concern have been recorded at Bach Ma National Park, for example, Robson et al. (1991) recorded Red-shanked Douc and a species of gibbon in 1990. However, the current status of many of these species at the national park is unclear.
To date, 249 bird species have been recorded at Bach Ma National Park, and the number of species recorded in the wider Bach Ma-Hai Van area totals 330 (Eve 1996a). The national park lies at the southern extent of the Annamese Lowlands Endemic Bird Area and is known to support populations of at least four of the restricted range species found in this EBA: Annam Partridge, Crested Argus, Indochinese Wren Babbler and Grey-faced Tit-Babbler. In addition, the national park supports a population of an endemic subspecies of Silver Pheasant.
Birds highlight of Bach Ma national park
Rufous-throated Partridge, Annam Partridge, Silver Pheasant, Crested Argus, Red-collared Woodpecker, Red-vented Barbet, Brown Hornbill, Red-headed Trogon, Blyth's Kingfisher, Coral-billed Ground Cuckoo, Blue-rumped Pitta, Bar-bellied Pitta, Long-tailed Broadbill, Silver-breasted Broadbill, White-winged Magpie, Indochinese Green Magpie, Ratchet-tailed Treepie, Orange-headed Thrush, Siberian Thrush, Japanese Thrush, Sultan Tit, Masked Laughingthrush, White-crested Laughingthrush, Lesser-necklaced Laughingthrush, Black-throated Laughingthrush, Short-tailed Scimitar Babbler, Grey-throated Babbler, Spot-necked Babbler, Grey-faced Tit-Babbler, Black-browed Fulvetta, Fork-tailed Sunbird
Time for bird photography and birding in Bach Ma
The good time for bird photography and birding is from Jan to March