Photos contribute by: Sam Thuong, Quang Hao Nguyen, Thang Nguyen

There are now considered to be twelve true Vietnameseendemics if we count species found only in Vietnam. Two species, ImperialPheasant (Lophura imperialis) and Vietnamese Pheasant (Lophura hatinhensis), are no longer considered true species.Imperial Pheasant is now thought to be an Edwards’s x Silver Pheasant hybrid andis considered an invalid taxon by BirdLife International. Vietnamese Pheasantis most likely just a form of Edwards’s Pheasant.The twelve endemicspecies are:

Collared Laughingthrush (Garrulax yersini)

Grey-crowned Crocias (Crocias langbianis)

Vietnam Greenfinch (Carduelis monguilloti)

Golden-winged Laughingthrush (Garrulax ngoclinhensis)

Chestnut-eared Laughingthrush (Garrulax konkakinhensis)

Edwards's Pheasant (Lophura edwardsi)

Orange-breasted Laughingthrush (Garrulax annamensis)

White-throated Wren-babbler (Rimator pasquieri)

Black-crowned Fulvetta (Alcippe klossi)

Tonkin Partridge (Arborophila tonkinensis)

Vietnamese Cutia (Cutia legalleni)

Pale-throated wren-babbler (Spelaeornis chocolatinus)